Samarqand (settlement)

URI http://medievalmideast.org/place/846

A Central Asian city, capital of Soghdia, and later of Timur-i Lang.

Names

  • Arabic: سمرقند = Samarqand 1, 2
  • Arabic: الإسكندرية = al-Iskandariyya 1
  • Armenian: Սամարղանդ = Samarłand 3, 4, 5
  • Armenian: Սամըրղանդ = Samərłand 6
  • Armenian: Սըմըրղանդ = Səmərłand 4
  • Armenian: Սըմըրղանտ = Səmərłant 7
  • Armenian: Սըմըրղընդ = Səmərłənd 4, 8, 9
  • Armenian: Սըմրղանդ = Səmrłand 10
  • Armenian: Սմըրղան = Smərłan 11
  • Armenian: Սմըրղընդ = Smərłənd 12
  • Armenian: Սմրղանդ = Smrłand 13
  • Hebrew: סמרכנת = Samarkant 14
  • Hebrew: סמרכות = Samarkûth 14
  • Hebrew: שמרכנת = Shamarkant 14
  • Greek: Σαμαρχάνδην = Samarkhandēn 15
  • Greek: Σαμαρχάνδης = Samarkhandēs 16
  • Greek: Σαμαρχάνδιν = Samarkhandin 17
Event Description Date
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225 c.1225 877 A.H. / 1472 1995
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.2 before 1354 1354-1356 early 1180 A.H. / 1766 1853
Event mentioned by Grigor Xlat‘ec‘i.3 before 1400 1400 1400 1950
Event mentioned by Grigor Xlat‘ec‘i.4 before 1422 1422 1422 1955
Event mentioned by Grigor.5 before 1429 1429 1429 1955
Event mentioned by Dawit‘.6 before 1432 1432 1432 1955
Event mentioned by Aṙak‘el Siwnec‘i.7 before 1403 1403 1403 1955
Event mentioned by Step‘anos.8 before 1395 1395 1395 1950
Event mentioned by Yovanēs.9 before 1400 1400 1400 1950
Event mentioned by Israyēl.10 before 1469 1469 1469 1958
Event mentioned by Manuēl.11 before 1405 1405 1405 1955
Event mentioned by Karapet.12 before 1389 1389 1389 1950
Event mentioned by Step‘annos.13 before 1388 1388 1388 1950
Event mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela.14 before c.1170 c.1173 13th C 1907
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.15, 16, 17 before 1464 1464-1468 mid-late 15th C 2014

Errata: Yaqut mistakenly identifies Samarqand as a city built by Alexander the Great

Sources

  • 1 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 145، 153، 172، 173، 183، 189، 195، 197، 260، 288، 289، 307، 308، 317، 336، 352، 375، 383، 403، 498، 499، 506 (2) 10، 17، 20، 32، 57، 59، 95، 111، 191، 336، 346، 347، 349، 356، 360، 367، 374، 390، 450، 451، 543 (3) 4، 7، 39، 42، 43، 50، 55، 78، 111، 126، 128، 137، 141، 223، 239، 246، 255، 264، 305، 309، 315، 364، 370 (4) 184، 187، 204، 218، 232، 241، 247، 249، 253، 257، 268، 278، 303، 342، 357، 375، 406، 428، 435، 442، 460، 461، 469، 482، 484، 495 (5) 32، 33، 50، 79، 90، 122، 244، 253، 261، 276، 306، 312، 347، 369، 372، 375، 453 [Arabic].
  • 2 C. Defrémery and B. R. Sanguinetti, eds., Voyages d'Ibn Batoutah (Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, 1853-1858), III:51, 56 [Arabic].
    • H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), III, 567, 569 [English].
  • 3 L. S. Xač‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Jeṙagreri Hišatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṙ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakč'ut‘yun, 1950), no. 784a, p. 627-629 [Armenian].
    • Avedis K. Sanjian, trans., Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts 1301-1480:A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1400.1 [English].
  • 4 L. S. Xač‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Jeṙagreri Hišatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṙ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakč'ut‘yun, 1955), no. I: 300, 300b, p. I: 272-288 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1422.1 [English].
  • 5 Xač‘ikyan, XV Dari, no. I: 417, p. I: 391 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1429.1 [English].
  • 6 Xač‘ikyan, XV Dari, no. I: 448a, p. I: 419 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1432.1 [English].
  • 7 Xač‘ikyan, XV Dari, no. I: 35, p. I: 35-36 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1403.3 [English].
  • 8 Xač‘ikyan, XIV Dari, no. 762, p. 611 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1395.1 [English].
  • 9 Xač‘ikyan, XIV Dari, no. 785a, p. 630, 631 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1400.2 [English].
  • 10 Xač‘ikyan, XV Dari, no. II: 364, p. II: 281 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1469.2 [English].
  • 11 Xač‘ikyan, XV Dari, no. I: 51a, p. I: 50 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1405.1 [English].
  • 12 Xač‘ikyan, XIV Dari, no. 725a, p. 577-579 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1389.1 [English].
  • 13 Xač‘ikyan, XIV Dari, no. 720, p. 574-575 [Armenian].
    • Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1388.3 [English].
  • 14 Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), (Hebrew part) 57, 62, 82 [Hebrew].
    • Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), (English part) 57, 62, 82 [English].
  • 15 Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 2.9, 54; 3.70-71 [Greek with English translation].
  • 16 Chalkokondyles, The Histories, para. 2.59; 3.4, 6-7, 10, 21, 23, 70, 72; 7.69 [Greek with English translation].
  • 17 Chalkokondyles, The Histories, para. 3.4 [Greek with English translation].