Mosul (settlement)

URI http://medievalmideast.org/place/11

A city across the Tigris from the ruins of Nineveh, today in northern Iraq.

Names

  • Arabic: الموصل = al-Mawṣil 1, 2, 18
  • Armenian: Մօսլ = Mōsl 19
  • Hebrew: אלמוצל = Almōṣel 21
  • Hebrew: אשור = Ashur 21
  • Latin: Monsal 22
  • Latin: Nineue 22
  • Persian: موصل = Mawṣil 20
  • Syriac: ܡܘܨܠ = Mawṣel 3-17, 23
Event Description Date
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225 c.1225 877 A.H. / 1472 1995
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.2 before 1354 1354-1356 early 1180 A.H. / 1766 1853
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.3 c.814 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.4 c.816 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.5 March 829 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.6 829 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.7 c.835 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.8 c.1106 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.9 c.1114 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.10 c.1131 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.11 c.1135 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.12 c.1145 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.13 c.1171 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.14 c.1174 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.15 1176 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.16 c.1181 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.17 c.1189 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Zayn al-Dīn employed Yōsef Burhān al-Mulk, a Jewish astronomer.21 c.1170 c.1173 13th C 1907
Synagogue of Obadiah in Mosul.21 c.1170 c.1173 13th C 1907
Hülegü Ilkhān killed al-Malik al-Ṣāliḥ.18 1262 1262 1262 1838
Seljuq attack on Mosul was defeated.19 1045 c.1275 c.1290 1956
Riccoldo da Montecroce thought Mosul's “king” was Nestorian.22 c.1290 c.1290 c.1320 1864
Riccoldo da Montecroce noticed that zakat provides food to river birds.22 c.1290 c.1290 c.1320 1864
Tīmūr Lang brought plunder from Jazīrat Ibn ʿUmar.20 1394 c.1425 1436 1887
Barṣawmo Ṣafī visited Mosul to prevent a schism among the Syriac Orthodox.23 c. 1300 14th or 15th C 16th C 1872

Sources

  • 1 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), I:92, 132, 138, 146, 238, 291, 308, 312, 320, 321, 324, 325, 333, 423, 472, 476, 478, 481, 528, 530; II:22, 38, 39, 41, 42, 94, 101, 113, 115, 138, 149, 184, 189, 194, 211, 227, 230, 240, 260, 283, 299, 310, 335, 338, 358, 374, 381, 406, 432, 441, 447, 486, 494, 498, 500, 503, 513, 519, 522, 529, 530, 531, 533, 538, 543; III:55, 66, 123, 159, 234, 238, 262, 338, 349; IV:86, 116, 136, 149, 153, 308, 419, 424, 428, 451, 456, 486; V:28, 101, 109, 223, 276, 288, 343, 353, 403, 408 [Arabic].
  • 2 C. Defrémery and B. R. Sanguinetti, eds., Voyages d'Ibn Batoutah (Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, 1853-1858), II:124, 131, 133-139 [Arabic].
    • H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), II:341, 346-50 [English].
  • 3 Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 495-498 [Syriac].
    • Matti Moosa, trans., The Syriac Chronicle of Michael Rabo (the Great): a universal history from the Creation (Teaneck, N.J.: Beth Antioch, 2014), 533 [English].
  • 4 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 498-501 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 535-6 [English].
  • 5 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 519-523 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 556 [English].
  • 6 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 523-525 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 558 [English].
  • 7 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 530-533 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 565 [English].
  • 8 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 594-597 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 624-627 [English].
  • 9 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 606-609 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 638-639 [English].
  • 10 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 613-616 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 646-647 [English].
  • 11 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 620-623 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 653-654 [English].
  • 12 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 634-640 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 668-670 [English].
  • 13 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 699-706 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 696-699 [English].
  • 14 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 712-715 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 707-708 [English].
  • 15 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 715-717 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 710-711 [English].
  • 16 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 724-729 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 721-723 [English].
  • 17 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 735-738 [Syriac] = Moosa, The Syriac Chronicle, 730-732 [English].
  • 18 J. Forshall, ed., Codicum Manuscriptorum Orientalium qui in Museo Britannico Asservantur (London: British Museum, 1838), I:90 [Arabic with Latin Translation].
  • 19 Khorēn Ghazareani, ed., Smbatay Sparapeti Taregirk’ (Venice: S. Ghazar, 1956), 42-43 [Armenian].
    • Robert Bedrosian, trans., Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle (Long Branch, N.J.: Sources of the Armenian Tradition, 2005), 21 [English].
  • 20 ‘Alī Yazdī, ed. Muhammad Ilahdad, Ẓafarnāma (Calcutta: Thomas, 1887), I:675 [Persian].
    • ‘Alī Yazdī, The History of Timur-Bec, Known by the Name of Tamerlain the Great (London: J. Darby, 1723), I:460 [English].
  • 21 Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), (Hebrew part) 34 [Hebrew].
    • Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), (English part) 33-34 [English].
  • 22 Riccoldo da Montecroce, Liber Peregrinationis, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), 124, 126, 133 [Latin].
    • Riccoldo da Montecroce, The Book of Pilgrimage, in Rita George-Tvrtković, trans., A Christian Pilgrim in Medieval Iraq: Riccoldo da Montecroce's Encounter with Islam (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2012), 200, 203, 213 [English].
  • 23 Joannes Baptista Abbeloos and Thomas J. Lamy, eds., Gregorii Barhebraei Chronicon Ecclesiasticum (Leuven: Peeters, 1872), I:787-788 [Syriac with Latin Translation].