Heraclius

URI http://medievalmideast.org/person/12137.xml

Byzantine emperor.

Names

  • Arabic: هرقل = Hiraql 1, 2
  • Syriac: ܐܝܪܩܠܝܣ = ʾĪraqlīs 4

Attributes

  • Male
  • Death: 641 CE11
  • Office: Roman Emperor: 610-641 CE5, 11
Event Description Date
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225 c.1225 877 A.H. / 1472 1995
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.2 before 843 CE c. 820-843 CE 687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE 1993
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.4 921 AG / 609-10 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.5 922-932 AG / 610-621 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.6 933 AG / 621-622 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.7 933-941 AG / 621-630 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.8 945 AG / 633-34 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.9 946-947 AG / 634-636 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.10 940s AG / 630s CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.11 948-952 AG / 636-641 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.12 952-961 AG / 640-650 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.13 610-641 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.14 1115 AG / 803-4 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.15 950 AG / 638-9 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.16 before 1458 AG / 1147 CE 1195-1199? 1598 2009

Sources

  • 1 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 103 (2) 80، 303 (3) 279، 280 (4) 262 (5) 238 [Arabic].
  • 2 Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 136, 237, 287, 288, 292, 299, 300, 301, 303, 305, 306, 310, 322 [Arabic].
    • Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 124, 285, 287, 303, 305–6, 308, 312 [English].
  • 3 J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1899), I, 2 [French].
  • 4 Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 394 [Syriac].
    • Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 378 [French].
  • 5 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 406-407 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 400-402 [French].
  • 6 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 407 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 403, 405 [French].
  • 7 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 411-413 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 408-412 [French].
  • 8 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 416 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 414 [French].
  • 9 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 417 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 417-418 [French].
  • 10 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 418 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 422 [French].
  • 11 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 421-424 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 424-427 [French].
  • 12 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 424 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 430, 431 [French].
  • 13 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 429 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, II, 435, 444 [French].
  • 14 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 492 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, III, 16 [French].
  • 15 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 554 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, III, 122 [French].
  • 16 Ibrahim, The Chronicle of Michael, 642 [Syriac] = Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien, III, 279 [French].